Answer the questions below to test your knowledge of type 2 diabetes:
1. True or false? It is easy to tell if you have recently developed type 2 diabetes.
2. Name 2 risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
3. True or false? You have no control over any of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
4. Circle five common symptoms of type 2 diabetes:
- increased thirst
- increased urination
- blurred vision
- loss of hearing
- lack of energy
- more frequent infections
5. Fill in the blanks: Type 2 diabetes is characterized by fasting __________ __________ levels that are too high. (“Too high” means greater than or equal to 126 mg/dl on 2 occasions).
6. Pick the best answer to complete the following sentence. By age 75, 1 in 5 Americans will have type 2 diabetes. Diagnoses of type 2 diabetes have been _________ since 1990.
a) on the rise
b) about the same
c) going down
7. If you have insulin resistance, why do you need to be concerned about your health, even when your blood sugar levels remain normal?
a) you have a greater risk of heart disease
b) you are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes
c) both a and b
8. How do you know if you have insulin resistance?
a) you take a test
b) you are overweight or sedentary
c) you have type 2 diabetes
d) both b and c
1. False. The symptoms for type 2 diabetes come on slowly and appear to be part of normal aging.
2. Answers can include: age, family history of type 2 diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, being overweight or obese, impaired glucose tolerance and/or insulin resistance, physical inactivity, consumption of a high-fat, high-sugar, refined carbohydrate diet.
3. False - you have control of the lifestyle risk factors for diabetes, especially as they relate to weight, diet, and exercise.
4. Increased thirst, increased urination, blurred vision, lack of energy, more frequent infections
5. blood sugar
6. a) on the rise
7. c) both a & b
8. d) both b & c
Stephanie Ronco has been editing for Food and Health Communications since 2011. She graduated from Colorado College magna cum laude with distinction in Comparative Literature. She was elected a member of Phi Beta Kappa in 2008.