What is prediabetes? If your blood sugar (glucose) level is higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes, then you have prediabetes.
Are there other names for prediabetes? Prediabetes is also referred to as impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). It used to be called borderline diabetes.
But I feel fine… Some people with prediabetes have no symptoms. Others have some of the symptoms of diabetes. Regardless, you can have prediabetes and diabetes for years and not know it. High blood sugar can silently wreak havoc on your body, harming your eyes, nerves, kidneys and heart. Prediabetes also puts you at greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
Does this mean I will get diabetes? Up to 30% of people with prediabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes. But for some, prediabetes will resolve with early treatment that includes diet and exercise. If you have prediabetes, get tested for diabetes regularly.
Do I need medication? Smart food choices and physical activity can usually lower your blood sugar when you have prediabetes. Your doctor might prescribe a medication if you are at high risk for diabetes and have other medical conditions, such as obesity, high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol or hypertension.
Should other people in my family get tested for prediabetes? According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), anyone who is overweight and over age 45 should be tested for prediabetes. You should also consider testing if you are over age 45 or under age 45 but overweight and/or facing other diabetes risk factors.
What can I do about it? Treating prediabetes and delaying or preventing diabetes is all about controlling your blood sugar. You can do this by eating a healthful diet and not skipping meals, exercising moderately for at least 30 minutes five days/week, and losing just 5-10% of your body weight.
By Hollis Bass, MEd, RD
Stephanie Ronco has been editing in a professional capacity for the past 10 years. In addition to her work as an editor, Ronco has also served as a ghostwriter and writing tutor. A voracious reader, Ronco loves watching language evolve and change. When she’s not delving into her latest project, Ronco can be found teaching acting classes, performing in community theater, or sailing with her husband.