It's Nutrition Month! This week we want to put you through some bootcamp. No, we're not talking about the grueling exercise class, nor the military program. Instead, we've put together a comprehensive Nutrition Bootcamp that offers basic training about...
- Nutrients (macro and micro)
- Calories and energy
- Eating pattern guides (including MyPlate and the Dietary Guidelines for Americans)
- Food labels
- Ingredient Trends and Myths
You can purchase the full bootcamp, or a bunch of individual handouts that highlight its themes, and -- lucky you! -- we've even included a preview of one section of the bootcamp below. Get ready to learn the basics of nutrients -- both macro and micro. And remember, there's more in our store!
Meet the Major Nutrients
Nutrients are what your body needs to function and grow. They come in all shapes and sizes and must be consumed in varying portions.
Seven Classes of Nutrient
The three major macronutrients are...
Macronutrients provide structural material and energy.
They also make up the bulk of what most people eat each day.
Carbohydrates provide 4 calories per gram and are your body’s primary fuel source. There are two different types of carbohydrates...
- Simple carbohydrates are also known as simple sugars.
- Complex carbohydrates are made of strings of simple carbohydrates.
Fats provide 9 calories per gram and help keep your skin and hair healthy, as well as insulating your organs. Fats also help regulate body temperature and healthy cell function.
There are three types of fats...
- Saturated fats raise your total blood cholesterol and your LDL (bad) cholesterol. They endanger your heart and your overall health.
- Trans fats raise your LDL (bad) cholesterol and lower your HDL (good) cholesterol. They also increase your risk of type II diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
- Unsaturated fats are good for you when consumed in moderation. Monounsaturated fats improve cholesterol levels, insulin regulation, and blood sugar control. Polyunsaturated fats decrease your risk of heart disease and diabetes.
Protein provides 4 calories per gram and helps your tissues grow, bolsters immune function, and aids hormone/enzyme creation.
The two major micronutrients are...
Micronutrients don’t drive the calories in your diet, but they do have a significant impact on your health. Getting the proper balance of vitamins and minerals in your diet is very important.