Intro to Micronutrients

 
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Did you know that micronutrient inadequacies are actually common in the United States?

Because I sure didn't.

Micronutrient deficiencies are not necessarily prevalent here, but inadequacies -- which occur when someone is getting enough of the nutrient to be outside of the "deficient" category but not enough to meet the estimated average requirement for their needs -- are surprisingly common.

According to Oregon State University, "micronutrient inadequacies could elicit symptoms of general fatigue, reduced ability to fight infections, or impaired cognitive function (i.e., attention [concentration and focus], memory, and mood). Micronutrient inadequacies may also have important implications for long-term health and increase one’s risk for chronic diseases like cancer, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, and age-related eye disease."

It can be difficult to pinpoint signs of a micronutrient inadequacy, since symptoms can vary widely depending on the nutrient and intake levels. However, "The long-term solution for solving micronutrient inadequacies is using food-based approaches to ensure a diverse, sustainable and nutritious diet, which may be complemented with food fortification and, for specific life-stages and population groups, micronutrient supplementation to ensure supply of micronutrients that might be insufficient in the usual diets" (source).

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans and MyPlate have rolled out a series of strategies to help people build varied eating patterns, and our library of resources is growing every day.

To supplement these materials, I thought it might be fun to take a closer look at micronutrients. What they are, what they do, and how to get more of them into an eating pattern. That brings us to our next series: Micronutrients and You.

First we'll explore micronutrients. What they are, how they differ from macronutrients, and their general impact on health. Then, we'll take a detailed look at the CDC's six essential micronutrients: vitamin A, vitamin D, folate, iodine, iron, and zinc. All of these explorations will come with handouts and fun facts.

Stick around. The world of micronutrients is about to get a whole lot bigger.

Handout: Micronutrient Fact Handout

References: 

  1. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/micronutrient-inadequacies/overview#EAR
  2. https://www.usaid.gov/global-health/health-areas/nutrition/technical-areas/micronutrients-brief
  3. https://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/micronutrient-malnutrition/micronutrients/index.html
  4. https://www.dietaryguidelines.gov/
  5. https://www.myplate.gov/

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